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listening, auditoria, audiences / écoute, auditeurs, auditoriums : — Studies




AUDITORIA


étude / study



EARLY WORKS (LAURIE ANDERSON)
(highlights)
(1971-1978)





Cette série explore les œuvres prenant la notion d'auditorium comme principe /
This series is a study about works based on principles of auditoria.

• COMPOSING THE NOW (Michel Waisvisz) - 2003 — read /lire
• JULES VERNE - (Auditoires, Noise et Aventures Acoustiques / ''Audiences, Noise and Acoustic Adventures'') - XIX° — read /lire
• BREATH (Gerald Shapiro) - 1971— read /lire
• THE HANDPHONE TABLE (Laurie Anderson) - 1978— read /lire




Pages : — — [The Handphone Table (1978)] — [Part 1 : 1971-1972] — [Part 2 : 1973-1974] — [Part 3 : 1975-1976] — [Part 4 : 1977-1978] — [Part 5 : 1979] —




Part 4 - 1977-1978







cliquez sur les images pour les agrandir



1977(Edit)



-Received a grant from New York State Council on the Arts and the National Endowment for the Arts
-Recorded several songs for "Airwaves" 110 records, New York and "New Music for Electronic and Recorded Media"
-Spent two weeks not speaking in Buddhist retreat
-Published stories in "Individuals" edited by Alan Sondheim
-Shot slides and film on the road
-Performed in many European avant garde music festivals











1977 For Instants - Part 5 (Songs for Lines / Songs for Waves)(Edit)

—— from FOR INSTANTS - Part5, The Kitchen, NYC, April 23-24, 1977
—— from FOR INSTANTS - Part5, De Appel, Amsterdam, Holland, 1977
—— from FOR INSTANTS, Arte Fiera, Bologna, Italy, 1977
—— FOR INSTANTS-CONTINUED, Otis Art Gallery, Los Angeles, CA, 1978



../files/articles/anderson/1977_tapebow1.jpg
For Instants- Part 5, Amsterdam - De Appel, 1977

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The Kitchen - For Instants Part Five - 1977-04-23



Laurie Anderson. Songs for Lines/Songs for Waves. 1977. Film-video performance. The Kitchen, New York In this work Anderson explored the connections between classical music and a cacophony of industrial sounds.
She premiered
For Instants 5 (Songs dor Lines/Songs for Waves) at the Kitchen. Using the strong bass line and percussion beat of rock as the musical underpinnings for her narrative, and video images on a large screen to reinforce the story line, Anderson’s performance received enthusiastic reviews from art and music critics alike.
Laurie Anderson’s
Songs for Lines / Songs for Waves all have humorous lyrics pertaining to ethics, aesthetics, and other social phenomena.



../files/articles/anderson/1977_songforlines.jpg



../files/articles/anderson/1977_songforlines2.jpg
This performance consists of ten songs (38'56'') in which music, language and images are equally important. In most of these songs, Anderson plays the violin, accompanied by her own singing and an audiotape (with spoken text, more singing or more violin music). Some of the text for Songs for Lines / Songs for Waves was played backward and forward : she reversed recorded words, exposing the arbitrariness of signifiers. Her songs are often combined with a film projection : she is framed by the light from the projection, and is playing with the shadows cast by her body and her violin. Anderson makes experimental music, and she often find solutions in technological inventions, as with the song 'a man, a woman, a house and a tree'. The music for this piece is created with the help of a ‘slow-scan’ machine, which registers visual information and transforms this into sound. These experiments are not only about music, but also about language: anagrams, play on words and poetic stories.

The introductory anecdotes that Anderson tells are just as important as the song itself. Anderson also uses the
tape bow violin, developed by Bob Bielecki and herself. This violin is modified in such a way that the traditional horsehair strings of the bow have been replaced by a piece of audiotape, on which spoken texts and other sounds have been recorded.

For the performance at De Appel, Anderson incorporated fragments of Dutch proverbs and sayings in her ‘tape bow’, as well as Lenin’s famous statement 'Ethics is the aesthetics of the future', which she plays in such a way that it sounds as follows: 'Ethics is the aesthetics of the few'. The movements of the bow visualize language in time. The linearity of the language literally reappears in the linearity of the bow.
[Source]

— — "For me the violin is the perfect alter ego. It's the instrument closest to the human voice [...] I've spent a lot of time trying to teach it to talk. [...] Because the bow is drawn both ways, I got interested in backward sounds. [...] So I made a lot of songs that could be played both ways." — (Laurie Anderson)


—— [Access to another Song for Lines video]





1977 — Acoustic Lens(Edit)


— — (soon)

../files/articles/anderson/1977_acousticlens_1000.jpg





1977 — Jukebox(Edit)


— — (soon)



../files/articles/anderson/1977_hollysolomongallery_1000.jpg
(Laurie Anderson, "Untitled", 1977, installation : Holly Solomon Gallery, photo : Harry Shunk)
Download a large picture


Such in Dearreader (1975), Laurie Anderson showed a series of photographs coupled with texts at the Holly Solomon Gallery in New York. An unusual feature of the show was the presence of a large jukebox in the room : viewers could listen to songs available to be played on discs via the jukebox which contained twenty-four 45 rpm singles.
— —
JukeBox was an exhibition of texts with photographs and 45rpm records in a juke box. At first the gallery was charging 25 cents for each song but there were a lot of complaints at the opening so after that they were free.



— (Voir aussi 1974 — Dearreader (How to Turn a Book Into a Movie))

— — (See also 1974 — Dearreader (How to Turn a Book Into a Movie))





1977 — It's Not The Bullet That Kills You (It's The Hole) (To Chris Burden)(Edit)


— — (soon)

Before Laurie Anderson had a record contract, she released this - her first single, apparently sponsored by the Holly Solomon Gallery for an installation (a jukebox containing this and a number of other songs including New York Social Life). The song was dedicated to Chris Burden.



../files/articles/anderson/1977_burden1.jpg ../files/articles/anderson/1977_burden2.jpg

../files/articles/anderson/1977_burden3.jpgThe rarely heard B-side to Laurie Anderson's first single It's Not The Bullet That Kills You (It's The Hole), released on a limited run by the Holly Solomon Gallery in 1977 as part of her Jukebox installation there.
Laurie Anderson - vocals and violin — Peter Gordon - saxophone — Scott Johnson - guitar — Ken Deifik - harmonica — Joe Kos - drums






1977 — Song for Juanita(Edit)


— — (soon)

Tape-bow violin, voice and piano, c. 1977.





1977 — New York Social Life(Edit)


— — Tambura – Scott Johnson — Voice, Performer [Telephone] – Laurie Anderson

New York Social Life is a song about life lived on the telephone, says Anderson, and includes her droning listlessly, "Oh, hi, sure, let’s get together, let’s have lunch…"

One of the earliest Anderson pieces New York Social Life (which was later incorporated in United States) exemplifies many of the traits of the New York conversational style (fast rate of speech ; fast rate of turntaking ; persistence - if a turn is not aknowledged, try, try again ; marked shifts in pitch ; marked shifts in amplitude ; preference for storytelling ; preference for personal stories ; tolerance of, preference for simultaneous speech ; abrupt topic shifting) in an apt parody of New Yorker’s speaking style which creates instant involvement through fast, formulaic talk, overlapping talk and repetition of newly used phrases. However, in the performance frame, speaking to the audience, Anderson often creates involvement through the opposite means : slow tempo of speech and extensive use of silence. In interpersonal communication between two or more people in the literal or ordinary frame, inter-run pauses may signal conversational disfluency or they can be used strategically by speakers to gain conversation status. But speaking to her audience in the performance frame, Anderson can afford to produce long silences with little threat to disrupt the flow of her talk.(Adam Jaworski, Silences in Laurie Anderson’s performance art, In Silence : Interdisciplinary Perspectives, edited by Adam Jaworski, Berlin / New York : Mouton de Gruyter, 1997)


Hi ! How are you ? Where’ve you been ? Nice to see you. Listen, I’m sorry I missed your thing last week, but we should really get together, you know, maybe next week. I’ll call you. I’ll see you. Bye bye.
[…] Listen, Laurie, uh, if you want to talk before then, uh, I’ll leave my answering machine on… and just give me a ring… anytime.
These excerpts from New York Social Life focus less on the outrage of what is evidently an awkward discourse painfully aware of its own compulsion toward insincerity, what is a wavering between sympathy and selfishness, than on the superficiality of conversation as a slick surface of ready-made signs or gestures used to break off or establish contact quickly. It is what is business is called « one minute management ».(Herman Rapaport — Can you Say Hello ? - Laurie Anderson’s United States, In Between the Sign & the Gaze, Cornell University Press, 1994{/cap}



from the LP New Music for Electronic and Recorded Media (1750 Arch S-1765), 1977
Recorded At – Studios Of Laurie Anderson





1977 — Time to Go (for Diego)(Edit)


— — Guitar, Organ – Scott Johnson — Voice, Violin – Laurie Anderson

Laurie Anderson's New York Social Life and Time to Go (for Diego), both from 1977, are early examples of Anderson's anecdotal critiques of American culture.
Time to Go (for Diego) is for voice, guitar, keyboards and is one of Laurie Anderson’s earliest story-based sound pieces and was dedicated to art curator, musician, and No Wave pioneer Diego Cortez.
The first half of the song was dialogue by Anderson, interupted regularly by a bit of guitar playing, disolving into both guitar and violin as Anderson repeats "Time to go".


Diego used to be a guard at the Museum of Modern Art. He was on the night shift. His job was to go around the museum and tell people to leave. Or, as he put it, 'Snap them out of their art trances.' People who'd been standing in front of one thing for hours, he would jump in front of them and snap his fingers, and he'd say, 'Time to go.' Time to go. Time to go (repeat)




Time to Go (for Diego) (1977)



from the LP New Music for Electronic and Recorded Media (1750 Arch S-1765), 1977
Recorded At – Studios Of Laurie Anderson








1977-78 — Notebook(Edit)


— — Notebook, Artist Book Series #1, New York City, USA : Collation Center (& Wittenborn Art Books), 1977 — 47 pp., 14 x 18 cm, b&w.

— Laurie Anderson's Notebook consists of scores, scripts, photos, and anecdotes from four performances, arranged in a collage of before and after thoughts.
— Anderson's second artist book documents compositions for electronic violin performed in various ourdoor city spaces. The contents include
Film/song in 24/24 time, Duets on ice, Two songs for violin and projector, Duet for door jamb and violin, etc.

Cette œuvre de Laurie Anderson, Notebook, se compose de partitions, manuscripts, photos et anecdotes pris de quatre performances, et arrangées dans une sorte de collage d’avant- et d’arrière-pensées.



../files/articles/anderson/1977_notebook1.jpg

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1977 — Talking Pillow(Edit)


../files/articles/anderson/1977_talkingpillows.jpgThe piece featured pillows with speakers inside. The piece invites the viewer to place their head on a pillow on a pedestal. A recording starts and it is Anderson herself, recounting dreams she had. The idea for the Talking Pillow came from a commercially available language-learning system that promised to « teach German as you sleep ». Laurie Anderson used the device to record stories about insomnia.

— — “In this dream I’m on a tightrope tipping back and forth and trying to keep my balance. And below me are all my relatives and if I fall I’ll crush them,” she intones. "This long thin line, the song line, the shout, this tightrope made of sound – the only thing that binds me to this turning world, made of my own blood... Remember me is all I ask and if remembrance be a task, Forget me..."

../files/articles/anderson/1977_talkingpillows2.jpgTalking Pillows at the Barbican, London for the collective exhibition "Laurie Anderson, Trisha Brown, Gordon Matta-Clark – Pioneers of the Downtown Scene, New York 1970s", 3 March – 22 May 2011, Barbican Art Gallery





1977 — Six Rooms(Edit)


Six Rooms a Proposal — Collection Musée National d'Art Moderne - Centre Georges Pompidou - Beaubourg, Paris.

../files/articles/anderson/1978_sixroomsproposal.jpg





1977 — Stereo Decoy : A Canadian-American Duet(Edit)


— — Art Park, Levinston, New York — commissioned by Artpark for outdoor work by artists programme

Stereo Decoy, Materials : piano, violin, walkie-talkie, audiotape, bullhorn, speakers, generator, mixer and microphone.
A monumental project,
Stereo Decoy : a Canadian-American Duet which sees a piano suspended on a crane across the River Niagara. Stereo Decoy was a duet for tape and live sound. On the Canadian side of the Niagara River there was a tape piece for violin and piano. On the American side the duet was live. The idea was that the sounds would ricochet back and forth across the gorge, back and forth across the border. Out of control. The bass rolling in magnificent waves, the treble bouncing everywhere.

Un projet monumental, Stereo Decoy : a Canadian-American Duet, qui propose un piano suspendu à une grue au-dessus des Chutes du Niagara. Stereo Decoy était un duo pour sons en direct et sons enregistrés. Du côté canadien du fleuve il y avait un enregistrement pour violon et piano qui était diffusé. Du côté américain le duo jouait en direct. L'intention était que les sons pouvaient ricocher d'un côté et de l'autre de la gorge, d'un côté et de l'autre de la frontière. Hors de tout contrôle. Les sons graves roulaient dans la gorge comme des vagues magnifiques, et les sons se répercutaient partout.



../files/articles/anderson/1977_stereodecoy_1000.jpg
(Stereo Decoy : A Canadian-American Duet — Sketch for piano performance on a ridge overlooking the Niagara River, 1977)






1978(Edit)



-Worked as a migrant cotton picker with the Taylor family near Covington, KY
-Met Mister Spoons
-Wrote NOTEBOOK, a collection of scores and stories
-Lived in Berlin
-Performed at the Nova Convention; met William S. Burroughs
-Performed a series of pieces in Europe and the United States
-Did sound and visual installations at various galleries and museums in the United States and Europe
-Visited Benedictine Convent in Wisconsin to conduct a seminar with nuns on the spoken word
-Worked as a straight man for Andy Kaufman in comedy clubs and Coney Island
-Taught at Cal Arts, Valencia, California







1978 — Cassette in Mouth (The Pillow Speaker)(Edit)


In 1978 Laurie Anderson used The Cassette in Mouth, a small audio cassette of violin recordings [plays while] that she puts [a small loudspeaker] in her mouth so that she can modify the dynamics and phrasing by varying the speed with which she opens and closes her lips.(Jacqueline Caux, Laurie Anderson Brings Out Her Violins / Les Violons de Laurie Anderson, In Art Press nr 285, [Source (pdf)])

En 1978, Laurie Anderson utilise ''The Cassette in Mouth', petite cassette d’enregistrements de violon [lu par un lecteur cassette et connecté à un petit haut-parleur] qu’elle introduit dans sa bouche et dont elle nuance la dynamique et le phrasé en ouvrant et en refermant plus ou moins rapidement les lèvres. — (Jacqueline Caux, Laurie Anderson Brings Out Her Violins / Les Violons de Laurie Anderson, In Art Press nr 285, [Source (pdf)])

../files/articles/anderson/1978_cassette1.jpg ../files/articles/anderson/1978_cassette2_300.jpg

../files/articles/anderson/1978_cassette3.jpgSmall voice

Pillow speaker
(in mouth) runs to
concealed tape
deck which plays
tape of violin solo.

Violin coming
from mouth is
phrased and
modulated by
moving the lips.




Laurie Anderson performs a short song with a pillow speaker, in 2012 at the School Of Visual Arts, NYC.





1978 — Quartet for Four Listeners(Edit)


— — Laurie Anderson- Quartets For Four (Subsequent) Listeners - Holly Solomon Gallery, New York - September 9-September 30, 1978



../files/articles/anderson/1978_quartets.jpgLaurie Anderson’s acoustical installation - Quartet #1 for Four (Subsequent) Listeners, 1978 - inverts Rauschenberg’s procedure by having lights trigger sounds. A small gallery room is rigged with four large loudspeakers suspended in a diagonal row along the ceiling with four spotlights installed in a corner and four cylindrical light sensors hung in line among the speakers. In the darkened room a diagonal ribbon of light on the floor directs gallery visitors. The words ’note’ and ‘tone’ are printed on the floor at each end of the room.
When a visitor blocks the light, he/she activates four sounds : a repeated monosyllable, a violin phrase , a woman’s voice softly humming, and a sound that is either traffic or surf.
ln some ways suggestive of participatory theatre,
Quartet #1 for Four (Subsequent) Listeners is programmed for social interaction.
The installation invites the anonymous observer/auditor to perform acts of sensory engagement, which disrupt patterns of perception. For every action there is a prerecorded aural reaction in Laurie Anderson's installation. The piece is both engaging and entertaining.





1978 — Doormat Love Song(Edit)


—— and/or, Seattle, 1978



Laurie Anderson built a palindrome door for an installation at and/or Seattle, in 1978. As the door was opened or closed the Door Mat Love Song audio tape on the floor was played by a tape head under the door. The song was heard forward and backward.



../files/articles/anderson/1978_doormat.jpg





1978 — Three Expediences(Edit)




recorded at ZBS Media, Fort Edward, New York, Feb. 1978.
In LP: Big Ego (Giorno Poetry Systems) - BIG EGO / THE DIAL-A-POEM POETRY LP
https://www.discogs.com/fr/Various-Big-Ego/release/798090 - http://www.ubu.com/sound/big_ego.html



../files/articles/anderson/1978_threeexpediences1.jpg../files/articles/anderson/1978_threeexpediences2.jpg../files/articles/anderson/1978_threeexpediences3.jpg
2 LPs - Giorno Poetry Systems ‎– GPS 012-013 - "The Dial-A-Poem Poets LP" - 1978





1978 — Numbers Runners(Edit)




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Laurie Anderson’s Numbers Runners (1979) recreating a typical American phonebox, only becomes an entirely fuller proposition when the viewer picks up the receiver to hear the artists existential questions : a phone in a booth that plays back the talker's voice almost as he uses it, creating additional dialogue by interspersing recorded comments from the artist.



Numbers Runners est une cabine de téléphone modifiée. Il s’agit en fait d’une pseudo cabine téléphonique. Le spectateur-expérimentateur entre dans la cabine, décroche le combiné et le porte à son oreille: il peut alors entendre deux voix, celle de Laurie Anderson (préalablement enregistrée sur une bande) et sa propre voix. Le spectateur entend les mots qu’il a prononcés avec un retard (un décalage plutôt) de 0,75 seconde. Ainsi la cabine téléphonique donne la possibilité au spectateur-auditeur de participer à un dialogue avec l’artiste. Mais on comprend assez vite que ceci est un faux dialogue comme le remarque très justement Jessica Prinz :
« Dans la pseudo-cabine téléphonique Numbers Runners (1978), les auditeurs deviennent locuteurs, puis de nouveau auditeurs, ainsi ils sont contraints de se confronter aux mots qu’ils ont prononcés eux-mêmes. »

Le spectateur réalise qu’il dialogue avec une machine et au-delà de ça qu’il discute avec lui-même. Parler à une machine revient donc à parler tout seul et à échouer dans la communication. Certaines personnes ont cette sensation lorsqu’elles doivent laisser un message sur un répondeur téléphonique, tandis que d’autres ont la quasi conviction d’avoir un échange avec un interlocuteur. Outil de communication moderne, le téléphone peut jouer un rôle paradoxal. L’artiste montre en effet que cet objet peut court-circuiter la communication et provoquer son échec. Et comme le souligne Laurie Anderson elle-même :
« La chose la plus importante est que les gens apprennent à communiquer et à se parler. Les appareils électroniques ne sont que des médiateurs. Leur efficacité dépend de la manière dont ils sont utilisés. »
(Thomas Aucouturier, ÉTUDE CRITIQUE D'UNE PERFORMANCE - LAURIE ANDERSON: United States Parts I-IV (1983), 1977)





1978 — Tape Bow Trio(Edit)


— — The Kitchen, NYC, 1978



../files/articles/anderson/1978_tapebowtrio_1000.jpg The Tape Bow Trio : Patrice Anderson, Joe Kos, Laurie Anderson.
All three instruments were equipped with both strings and audio tape heads mounted on the bodies of the instruments.


../files/articles/anderson/1978_tapebowtrio2_400.jpg ../files/articles/anderson/1978_tapebowtrio3_400.jpg
Tape Bow scores for "Born, Never Asked", 1980




Tape Bow Trio - Say Yes (1978)



From the CD The Record of the Time (Sound In The Work Of Laurie Anderson), Museum Kunst Palast ‎– ISBN 3-9808208-8-2, cd 2003






1978 — Songs for the Night Driver(Edit)


— — an installation of slides and audio at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut, Dec. 1978 - Jan. 1979.



../files/articles/anderson/1978_songsnightdriver.jpg Song for the Night Driver #3 contains the often cited passage, "I am in my body the way most people drive their cars."

Laurie Anderson plugs her body into technology to produce a cyborg-like character. Here sexuality is blurred in an androgynous figure, however, this is not the bachelor machine body of an earlier modernist practice. Although Anderson announces that her body is a machine: "I am in my body the way most people drive their cars", her autobiographical scripts are allegories. The car becomes the metaphor for the unconscious. The female body-machine is commodified in a familiar way, alienated from its own subjectivity. The car as feminine subject and extended (phallic) ego is analogous with the body as vehicle.
(Ann March, In Bad futures: performing the obsolete body, [Source])

— — United States (1983) is framed, for instance, by the image of a Night Driver, windshield wipers monotonously moving back and forth before her, lost on the way home from work. Wearing goggles that light up like headlights, Anderson says "I am in my body the way most people drive their cars." The body, that is, is a more or less mechanical conveyance for the mind that it hauls around - and yet most people drive in their cars mindlessly, or a least carelessly. At the outset we are introduced to this Night Driver in a piece called Say Hello.



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Download Songs for the Night Driver presentation, Wadsworth Atheneum, Dec. 1978 - Jan. 1979 (pdf)

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